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“Ajmer District” The heart city of Rajasthan

“Ajmer” – Heart of Rajasthan

The Ajmer province is divided into 4 divisions as administrative headquarters. One of them is Ajmer and others are Bhilwara, Tonk, Nagaur districts.

Ajmer District 

Ajmer District Mountain View
Ajmer Mountain View in Rajasthan

Ajmer is the central district in Rajasthan state. This city is known as the heart of Rajasthan because it’s located in the middle of the state. Ajmer city lies at the Ahmedabad-Delhi route of the Indian Railway.

Jaipur is about 135 km away from Ajmer.

The Ajmer is situated on the lower slopes of the Aravalli hills. On the west side, the Luni river flows and the Banas continuously flow in the eastern part of Ajmer.

The Mughals’ Begum and Shehzadis used to spend their time here. She had a huge hand in making the region famous for perfumes.

It is said that Nur Jahan invented the perfume of roses.

Some people believe that this perfume was invented by Nur Jahan’s mother.

Betel is also cultivated in Ajmer and its smells like a rose.

Something More About Ajmer

The Ajmer city was first founded by Prince Ajay Raj Chauhan and established the Ajayameru kingdom in 1113 AD. The Ajmer city was settled as the Ghughura valley as the center. It became an important city during the 12th century under the Whereas Ajaypal built a fort in the 7th century on the Bithli hill called Garh-Bithli. Later it called Ajayameru in the name of Ajmer Nagar founded by Ajayraj in 1113 A.D

Colonel Tad has called in his famous treatise the key of Rajputana. But, in my opinion, Ajmer is the key to Chauhan’s. 


Chechi Gurjars of the Chauhan dynasty was ruled Ajmer for more than 1000 years.

A temple was built in Ajmer by the first Gurjar King Bisaldev Chauhan in 1153 AD, which was destroyed by Muhammad Ghori in 1192 AD and built a mosque called Jhopra of two and a half days in his place. Some scholars believe that its creator was Qutbuddin Aibak. It is said that this building was completed in two and a half days, but the historians believe that the reason for the falling of this name is the two and a half-day fair held in the Maratha period at this place. The stonework of this building, especially the stone etching, is praiseworthy.

Earlier, on his way to Somnath (1124 AD), Mahmud Ghaznavi went through Ajmer. When Muhammad Ghauri invaded India in 1192 AD, then Ajmer was a major city in the kingdom of Prithviraj. After the defeat of Prithviraj, with the Muslim possession over Delhi, Ajmer was also captured and then the fate of Delhi, as well as the fate of Ajmer, was settled. In 1193, the Ghulam dynasty of Delhi took it under their control. The Mughal emperor Akbar loved Ajmer because he had great reverence for the visit to the Dargah of Muinuddin Chishti. Once he came from Agra on foot to Ziarat of Dargah.

Muinuddin Chishti came to India from Iran in the 12th century AD. Akbar and Jahangir had built mosques near this Dargah. Shah Jahan chose Ajmer as his temporary residence. On the nearby Taragarh hill, he also built a fort, which Vishp Heber called Gibraltar of India. Ajmer was certainly considered the nose of Rajasthan in the Mughal period due to its important position. Close to Ajmer is the Anasagar lake, which was attracted by the beautiful mountain scenery, Shah Jahan built marble palaces here. This lake is on the Ajmer-Pushkar route.

In 1878, the Ajmer region was formed as Ajmer-Merwad in the province of the Chief Commissioner and divided into two separate areas. The largest of these were Ajmer and Mewar subdivisions and in the south-east was the small Kekri subdivision. In 1956 it became a part of the state of Rajasthan. Presently, the district head of Ajmer is Vandana Nogia. BJP’s District General Secretary and Social Welfare Board member Sudarshan Sabalania and BJP’s District Spokesperson Motilal Solanki are famous politicians, both of whom belong to Churu district.

Traffic and Transportation

The best option to reach Ajmer is by rail route. Ajmer can be easily reached from Delhi by Delhi-Ahmedabad Express. Apart from the railroad, Ajmer can be reached from National Highway 8 via Behrod and Jaipur by private vehicle


You’ll easily reach by the Indian railway route and the Ajmer Junction is the nearest railway station from the town hall.


Ajmer is on national highway 8. It is 6 lane expressway which connects Delhi-Jaipur-Mumbai. Resorts, canteens, ard wine shops are always available on the highway.


Kishangarh Airport is an airport located at Ajmer, Kishangarh in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It was built by the Airports Authority of India and will begin in July 2014. The airport is surrounded by 737 acres of land and its runway is 2,000 meters long.

Agriculture and Minerals

Agriculture is the main occupation in Ajmer and mainly maize, wheat, millet, gram, cotton, oilseeds, chilies, and onions are grown. Asbestos, red crystal metal and timber are excavated here.

Industry and Trade

Ajmer is a major trading center for salt, mica, cloth and agricultural products, connected by road and rail routes, and there are many small industries related to oilseeds, hosiery, wool, shoes, soap, and medicine manufacturing. Ajmer is famous for dyeing and weaving fabrics and its handicrafts.

Major sightseeing

Daulat Bagh, Anasagar Lake, Dargah Sharif, is close to Pushkar, a pilgrimage center in Ajmer. It is said that this is the place where Sufi saint Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti last rested. Where people come from far away to visit. Tomb Hazrat Khwaja Hussain Chishti (Aulad-e-Khwaja), Tomb Hazrat Alauddin Chishti (Aulad-e-Khwaja), Soni ji’s Nsasia, Nareli Tirtha, Adhai Din’s hut, Foysagar, Akbar Fort. This is called Akbar’s magazine.