Chambal River in Rajasthan

Chambal River in Rajasthan State

Location: Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, & Uttar Pradesh
Length in Rajasthan: 376 Km
Total Length: 965 Km
Depth of Chambal River: 50m approx.

Chambal River near Kota Rajasthan
Chambal River Photo by Jangidno2, CC BY-SA 3.0

Something about Chambal River

Chambal river’s name is based on the ancient mythological river Charmawati. The river starts from Manpur near Mhow in Madhya Pradesh. It is covered a total area of 965 km and flows through a long narrow and steep gorge at Chaurasigarh. Where the Chambal River falls from 884.4 meters at its source to 505 meters. Again Chambal river enters the gorge from about 113 km and leaves it near the Kota district of Rajasthan.

The Chambal stream runs north for about 257 km and crossed the Jawahar Sagar sanctuary. Chambal river makes the boundary between Kota and Bundi districts of Rajasthan.  Its total length is 376 km and depth 50 meters.

After crossing the Kota district, the Chambal river flows the boundary of Sawai Madhopur and Dholpur Districts with the Madhya Pradesh state of India. Then, it finally enters in the Uttar Pradesh and engaged with the Yamuna River near Etawah. Chambal is the only river of Rajasthan which flows all over the year. It has beautiful sites and excellent resources for the development of cheap hydel power and irrigation facilities.

Chambal River is Famous For

The Chambal River is famous for wildlife, Dams, endangered species, and also for history.

  • As you know Chambal was first known as the Charmawati river. According to myth, it was originated from the blood of animals, killed by Aryan king Rantideva.
  • It also has 2 wildlife sanctuaries in Rajasthan known as Jawahar Sagar Wildlife Sanctuary in Kota and National Chambal Sanctuary in Dholpur.
  • Chambal River has a total of 4 dams and all are in Rajasthan like Gandhi Sagar Dam, Jawahar Sagar Dam, Rana Pratap Sagar Dam, and Kota Barrage.
  • Red-crown turtles and Gangetic river Dolphins are endangered species only found in the Chambal River. And Indian Skimmers are only seen around Chambal River between Kota to Dholpur district.

Flora & Fauna in Chambal River in Rajasthan

Fauna

Chambal River is the home of +15 species of turtles with 2 types of crocodile species. Gharial and Magarmach are mostly found in the Chambal river. Black-necked storks, Sarees Cranes, Black-Bellied terns, Gangetic River Dolphins, Smooth-coated otters, Indian Skimmers, Whistling Ducks, with freshwater turtles.

Flora

Around the Chambal River, over 100 types of flowering plants are commonly noticed. Few of them are Alkaline Babul tree, Axlewood, Birch, Deck, Indian Ash tree, Tendu tree, Indian Tragacanth, Kaim, Flame of the Forest, Alma tree, Salai Guggal, Climbing Bridelia, Jumby-bean, Peanut Grass, Fish Berry, Velvet Leaf, etc.

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