Jaipur District State Rajasthan

The Capital State of Rajasthan
Area 342,239 Sq.Km.
Population: 6,663,971

Something about Jaipur District

Jaipur is also known as Pink City and it is the capital of Rajasthan state. As Amer, it has also been the capital of the famous ancient kingdom known as Jaipur. The city was founded by Maharaja Jai ​​Singh II of Amber in 1727. The city is surrounded on three sides by the Aravalli ranges. The city of Jaipur is identified with the pink palaces and old houses. Dholpuri is made of stones, which is the specialty of the architecture here. In 18, the then Maharaja Sawai Ramsingh covered the entire city with pink color to welcome the Crown Prince Albert of England, Prince Elizabeth of England. The city has since been named Pink City.

The city is surrounded on all sides by walls and walls, with seven gates for entry. Later another gate was also built which was called New Gate. The whole city is divided into six parts and it is 111 feet. (37 m) is divided by wide roads. Five parts surround the central region from the eastern, southern and western sides and the sixth part is located to the east. The Hawad Mahal complex organized gardens and a small lake in the Prasad part. Nahargarh fort on the hill on the northwest side of the old check resembles the crown of the city. Apart from this, there is also an observatory, Jantar Mantar, Jaipur, built by Sawai Jai Singh in the central part.

Jaipur is counted among the most planned and organized cities by modern urban planners. The name of the city’s architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya is still famous today. During the British rule it was ruled by the Rajput rulers of the Kachhwaha community. When the city started expanding in the 19th century, its population was 1,60,000, which has now increased to 23,37,319 according to the 2001 figures. The main industries here include metal, marble, textile-printing, hand-art, import-export of gems and jewelry and tourism etc. Jaipur is also called Paris of India. It is said about the Vastu of this city, that measure the city with cotton, there will not be any difference in the size of a hair in the measure.

History of Jaipur District

In the seventeenth century, when the Mughals lost their strength, anarchy began to take place all over India, during which time the Amber princely state of Rajputana emerged as a big force. Amer started to look small for handling and smooth functioning and thus Jaipur was conceived as this new capital and with great preparations this imagination was Began to door form. There are differences in where the foundation of the city was laid, but according to historians, the construction of this city started with the hunting hunt near the Talkatora.

King Sawai Jai Singh II had also raised a lot of concern about the safety of the city before it was built and fortification was done with seven strong doors to ensure safety. Although Jaisingh had built a boundary wall to protect his capital from the anxiety of Maratha attacks, he probably did not know the security problems of the present time. According to the history of Jaipur in history books, it was the first fully planned city of the country and at the time of its establishment, Raja Jai ​​Singh developed it in his capital Amer keeping in mind the increasing population and water problem. The construction work of the city started in 1726 and it took about four years for the construction of major places. The city was divided into nine sections, in which two buildings were built with state buildings and palaces. Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, a Bengali Brahmin, had given the opinion of the king to settle this city on the basis of craftsmanship.

This city was not a ‘pink’ city from the beginning but was like other ordinary cities, but when the Prince of Wales came in 1853, the order of Maharaja Ramsingh was tried to give the whole city a pink color with magical charm. . Since then, the city has become famous as ‘Pink City’. With an attractive architecture of beautiful buildings, Jal Mahal, Jantar-Mantar, Amer Mahal, Nahargarh Fort, Hawa Mahal and Amer Fort in Jaipur are unmatched specimens of Rajput architecture.

Terrorism in Jaipur – Seven bomb blasts were carried out on 13 May 2007 in Jaipur. The explosions occurred at various places in Jaipur within a span of 12 minutes. The eighth bomb was found inactive. More than 70 people died and more than 150 injured in the incident.

Jaipur Architecture

NeojiIn this Jaipur, the Maharaja’s palace, the mansion and garden gardens, not only the houses of the common citizens, but also the highways were built in this way. The lanes and roads were constructed according to Vastu and geometrically, to protect the city, a park was built around the city and the fort of Nahargarh was built on the western hill. A weapon manufacturing factory was built in the old fort, Jaigarh, on which scientists are surprised even today, the huge Jayabaan cannon, which cherished the memories of this factory and the builder of his city Jaipur, Sawai Jaisingh, would have been seen to protect this city even today. is. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh settled Jaipur in nine residential blocks, called Chowkadi, the largest of these are Rajmahal, Ranivas, Jantar Mantar, Govinddev’s temple, etc., in the outskirts of the border, civilian residences, Havelis and factories were built in the remaining quarters. Sawai Jai Singh, who considers the subjects as his family, settled the beautiful city in such a way that there is no shortage of citizens with basic necessities, safe drinking water system, gardening, tomorrow factory with rainwater conservation and drainage. Arrangements were also made. Savai Jai Singh ruled in Jaipur for a long time, he strongly encouraged handicraft, song music, education, and employment, etc. in this city. Isher lots per Yakwashu built the Hawa Mahal, Ram Niwas Bagh, and various artistic temples, educational institutions, etc.

Market- Jaipur lovers say that to see the beauty of Jaipur, one needs a special look, passing through the markets, assimilating the texture of Jaipur and looking at it, then its beauty starts appearing in the eyes in a moment. Long broad and tall ramparts on three sides, Fali ranges, straight flat highway, streets, intersections, chaupad, grand Rajprasad. Decorated with temple and mansion, garden, reservoir, and pink aura, this city looks like Indrapuri, the reservoir is no more but imaginable It is possible that now a few decades ago, Jaipur was confined in the park, then its grand and artistic form would have enchanted everyone. Even today, Jaipur gives a thrilling experience to tourists visiting here for many years.

Jaipur change

The tone of Jaipur is changing now. Recently Jaipur has been included in the ten most beautiful cities in the world. In the process of moving towards becoming a metropolis, Jaipur underwent several ambitious constructions after independence. Asia’s largest residential settlement Mansarovar, the state’s largest Sawai Mansingh Hospital, Vidhan Sabha Bhawan, Amar Jawan Jyoti, MI Road, Central Park, and world-famous banks are included in this link. For the last few years, the metro culture has started appearing in Jaipur. Gleaming roads, multi-story shopping mall, residential colonies touching modernity, etc. are seen competing in the metros. The philosophy of new and old culture in old Jaipur and new Jaipur make clear both the development and history of this city.

Places to Visit in Jaipur District

Read Main Article on Top 33 Places to Visit Jaipur

The city has many tourist attractions, such as Jantar Mantar, Jaipur, Hawa Mahal, City Palace, Govind Devji’s Temple, BM Birla Taramandal, Amer Fort, Jaigarh Fort, etc. Shops in the thrilling markets of Jaipur are full of colorful items, including handloom products, precious stones, handicraft made of vegetable dyes, Meenakari jewelry, brass decorations, Rajasthani painting patterns, Nagra-Mojari shoes, blue pottery, Ivory handicrafts, and white marble sculptures, etc. Famous markets include Johri Bazaar, Bapu Bazaar, Nehru Bazaar, Wide Rasta, Tripolia Bazaar, and M.I. There are markets along the road.

City Palace

The mixed composition of Rajasthani and Mughal styles is a former royal residence in the center of the old city. The carved arches resting on the brown marble columns are decorated with floral motifs of gold and colored stones. Two marble carved elephants stand like sentinels at the entrance. Families who have served kings from generation to generation. They act as guides. The palace has a museum that has a good collection of Rajasthani costumes and weapons from the Mughals and the Rajputs. It also has gilt swords of various colors and sizes, many of which are embellished with meenakari inlay and jewels and are studded with magnificent sheaths. The palace also has an art gallery with an excellent collection of miniatures, carpets, royal decorations and rare astronomy creations in Arabic, Persian, Latin, and Sanskrit that Sawai Jai Singh II acquired to study astronomy in detail.

Jantar Mantar Jaipur

A stone observatory. It is the largest of the five observatories of Jaisingh. Its complex instruments, its configuration, and size have been scientifically designed. This world-renowned observatory, which was included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2012, is a living example of the achievements of medieval India’s astronomy! The most influential of these is the Ramayantra which is used to measure the height.

Hawa Mahal

Hawa Mahal built in 1799 AD is the main evidence of Rajput architecture. This five-story building along the main streets of the old city is covered in pink with semi-octagonal and refined roofed sandstone windows. The building was designed with the aim of allowing royal women to see the daily life of the city and the procession of the city.

Govind DevjiTemple of

The most famous, unaided shrine of Lord Krishna in Jaipur. It is situated in the middle yard of the Jan Niwas garden built to the east of Chandra mahal. The statue of the patron deity Govindji was earlier installed in the temple of Vrindavan which was reestablished here by Sawai Jai Singh II as his family deity.

Sargosuli

The high tower building on the western side of Tripolia Bazar which was built by Sawai Ishwari Singh in 1749 AD to commemorate his Maratha victory.

Ramnivas Bagh

A lush green garden with a zoo, nursery, botanical museum, which also houses the famous cricket ground of the game. It was built by Sawai Ram Singh II in 1865 AD under the flood relief project. Designed by Sir Winston Jacob, Albert Hall, a sophisticated specimen of the Indian architectural style, was later opened with exquisite sculptures, paintings, decorated utensils, natural science specimens, an Egyptian mummy, and Persian carpets. Ravindra Manch along with an auditorium, a modern art gallery, and an open theater have also been built to promote cultural programs.

Doll Ghar

(Timings: 12 am to 7 pm) – Cute dolls from different countries are on display here in the precincts of the deaf school near the police memorial.

BM Birla Planetarium

(Timings: 12 am to 7 pm) – With its modern computerized projection system, this star house has many facilities for audio and visual education and entertainment. Concession is available for school teams. It remains closed on the last Wednesday of each month.

Galtaji

An ancient shrine, situated beyond the gardens among the lower hills. The lush green landscape with temples, pavilions, and sacred kundos makes it an enjoyable place. The small temple of the Sun God, built on the summit of the highest peak built by Diwan Kriparam, is visible from all over the city.

Jain Temple

The walls of this exquisite Jain temple built on the Agra road have highly beautiful nineteenth-century paintings in Jaipur style.

Moti Dungri and Laxmi Narayan Temple

Moti Dungri is a private hilltop fort built like a fortress in Scotland. A few years ago, the Ganesh Temple on the hill Padgiri and the amazing Lakshmi Narayan Temple are also notable.

Statue Circle

Sawai Jai Singh’s statue in the middle of the round is very excellently constructed. It has been built under the new regional scheme to pay tribute to the founder of Jaipur. The idol of Sawai Jaisingh’s grand statue installed in this is late Mahendra Kumar Das.

Other places

On the Amer Marg, near the intersection of the Ramgarh road, there are several canopies of the charming queen in memory of the queens. Jal Mahal, built by Sawai Madho Singh I, in the middle of Mansagar Lake, is a beautiful place. The archaic perfection of Kanak Vrindavan Bhawan with sophisticated temples and gardens has been renovated in the past. To the west of this road is the Shahi cremation ghat at Gator which has grand monuments of all the rulers except Sawai Ishwari Singh of Jaipur. Sawai Jai Singh II has a very impressive umbrella with fine carvings and elegance. The gardens with natural backdrops are spread across the valley in the southeastern corner of the city surrounded by walls on the Agra road.

Gator

Sisodia Rani’s garden has multi-layered gardens lined with fountains, water canals, and painted pavilions, and meeting rooms. Among other gardens, Vidyadhar’s garden is a very well preserved garden, it has dense trees, flowing water and open pavilions. It was built by the city planner Vidyadhar.

Amber Fort

It was once the capital of the Kachhwaha rulers of the old kingdom of Dhundar for seven centuries.

Amer and Sheela Mata Temple – An attractive building of palaces, pavilions, gardens, and temples built by Raja Man Singh, Mirza Raja Jaisingh and Sawai Jaisingh almost two centuries ago. This palace emerges directly from the calm waters of the Mawtha lake and can be reached by easy passage there. Tourists often ride on elephants to Singh Pol and Jaleb Chowk. Rows of stairs rise from the end of the chowk, one towards the temple of Shila Mata and the other towards the palace building. The statue of the patron goddess, which is worshiped by thousands of devotees by King Mansingh, was brought here from Jessore in East Bengal (now Bangla Desh) to be installed here. A spectacular pillared hall Diwan-i-Aam and a two-story painted entrance gate, Ganesh Pol is in the front yard. Behind the corridor is a delightful small garden like Charbagh which has Sukh Niwas on the right and Jasmandir on the left. It has a blend of Mughal and Rajput architecture, finely carved latticework, fine vials, and stucco work and painted and carved lower walls. The right-proportioned Mohan Bari or Kesar Kyari in the middle of the Mawtha Lake and the Dilram Bagh on its eastern shore gives a lovely view of the palaces built above.

Old City

Once the residence of kings, handicrafts, and the general public, the old town of Amer has now become a ruin. The beautifully carved and well planned Jagat Shiromani Temple, a Krishna temple attached to Meerabai, the old temple of Narasimhaji, and the well-built stepwell, Panna Mian Kund are remnants of a rich past.

Jaigarh Fort

Jaigarh fort is famous for its Palaces, gardens, tanks, other stores, weaponsGar, a well-planned cannon foundry, numerous temples, a tall bastion, and a giant cannon – Jayabaan which is one of the largest cannons in the country. Jaigad’s dilapidated percolators, bastions, and entrance gates touch the western gateway horizon. Nahargarh: Located behind the hills of Jaigarh is the guard of Pink City – Nahargarh Fort. Although much of it has been demolished, the beautiful buildings built by Sawai Man Singh II and Sawai Madho Singh II enhance the fort. Sanganer – (12 km) – It is situated on the highway to Tonk. In addition to its demolished palaces, Sanganer has exquisitely carved Jain temples. The city is entered by the remains of two Tripolia (three main gates).

The city is an important center for the craft industry and good cloth made by hand made by stamped and forged printing units is made here. This cloth is famous in the country and abroad.

Bagru

The old fort on Ajmer road, still in good condition. It is notable for its hand printing handloom industry, where simple techniques are used. The designs of these handlooms are of less complex and light colors.

Ramgarh Lake

A huge artificial lake has been constructed by building a high dam in the middle of the trees covered with trees. Although the temple of Jamwa Mata and the ruins of the old fort are its antiquities. Its attractive natural scenery especially during the rainy season makes it a better picnic spot.

Samod

The beautiful Samod Mahal has been renovated and is a good example of Rajput Haveli architecture and a perfect place for tourism.

Virat Nagar

It is an important historical place with the remains of a circular Buddha temple excavated, which is an extraordinary and early famous temple of Rajasthan. Bairath also has souvenirs of Maurya, Mughal and Rajput times. A Khan (?) Built by Akbar, a delightful Mughal garden and an extraordinary building with painted umbrellas and walls built by Jahangir are other attractions.

Sambhar Lake

The huge salt lake, the sacred Devyani Kund, the palace and the nearby Naliyasar are famous.

Jaisinghpur Khor

This residence of Meena clan has an inaccessible fort, a Jain temple, and a stepwell amidst lush green trees.

Madhogarh

Tunga (40 km from Bassi Lalsot Agra road) – Tunga witness to the historical era between Jaipur and Maratha army. This fort is situated amidst beautiful mango orchards.

Chaksu

2 km east of Chaksu, there is a temple of Sheetla Mata, in which every year a fair is held here on Chaitra Krishna Pratipada Ashtami in which lakhs of people gather.

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