Jodhpur District in Rajasthan
Content Table Shortcut
- 1 Jodhpur District in Rajasthan
- 1.1 Jodhpur City introduction
- 1.2 Highlights of Jodhpur District in Rajasthan
- 1.3 Festivals and fairs in Jodhpur District of Rajasthan
- 1.4 Shopping around Jodhpur
- 1.5 How to Reach Jodhpur District in Rajasthan
Founded in 1759
Languages:- Hindi, Marwari
Zip Code:- 372001
Official Website:- www.jodhpur.rajasthan.gov.in
Jodhpur is the second-largest city of Rajasthan. Rao Jodha May 12 in 1459 A.D. Establishment of modern Jodhpur city was after its population exceeded 10 lakhs, it was declared the second “metropolis” of Rajasthan. It used to be the capital of the same name of Marwar, the historic Rajwada here. Jodhpur is also a famous tourist destination amidst the Thar Desert with its many magnificent palaces, fortifications, and temples.
It is also called “Surya Nagari” due to the sun shining season throughout the year. It was also known as “Neeli Nagari” due to the thousands of blue houses surrounding the Mehrangarh fort located here. Most of the old city here is inhabited by this fort, which has many gates in the sentinel wall, though the city has also expanded outside this wall in the last few decades. The geographical location of Jodhpur is close to the geographical center of Rajasthan, due to which this city serves as a suitable base center for tourists to travel across the state.
It was ranked first in the list of Most Exclusive Ordinary Places of the World in the year 2016. A Tamil film, Aayi, which is the most expensive Indian film ever produced, was also shot here.
Jodhpur City introduction
The city of Jodhpur, popularly known as Surya Nagari, is identified by the stones scattered in its palaces and old houses, the huge Mehrangarh Fort of the fifteenth century, on a rocky rock hill, at a height of 125 meters from the plain. The city is surrounded by a ten-kilometer-long wall with eight gates and countless bastions.
The main trading center of the sixteenth century, the city of forts, Jodhpur, is now the second-largest city in Rajasthan. Magnificent palaces, forts and temples scattered throughout the city, on one side bring alive the historical glory, while on the other hand, exquisite handicrafts, folk dances, music and cheerful people tie colorful outfits in the city.
Lifestyle in Jodhpur District of Rajasthan
The people of Jodhpur city are very friendly, they are always there to help others, tangled winding streets are surrounded by shops on the tracks. Looking at the people wearing artistically made colorful dresses, the lifestyle of Jodhpur seems to be exceptionally hypnotic. Women wear jackets up to the buttress lehenga and a three-quarter length sleeve covering the front and back. Colorful turbans are worn by men around the city. The commonly worn slacks and tight, horse riding pants got their name from here. Jodhpuri coat is famous all over India.
Education field in Jodhpur
Jodhpur is very ahead in the field of education in Rajasthan. Students from far and wide come here to study. Jodhpur is called CA Ki Khan. This is where most of the CAs in India originate. There is an option for education here. World-famous IITs, National Law University, AIIMS, Kajari, Afri Ayurvedic University are located here. Apart from these, Jayanarayan Vyas is a university. And there is also a college for girls. Almost every village in Jodhpur has schools.
Shopping in Jodhpur markets is an exhilarating experience seeing the colorful display of the rich collection of exquisite handicrafts. Bandage cloth, embroidered leather, camel skins, velvet etc., attractive silk rugs, souvenirs made of Makrana marble, a wide variety of useful and decorative items are found in these markets.
Countless festivals celebrate the rich past and culture of the royal kingdom. Marwar ceremony is also celebrated on a large scale once in the rain.
Jodhpur is called the judicial capital of Rajasthan, the High Court of Rajasthan is also located in Jodhpur. The international airport is also available to connect Jodhpur with the whole world. Famous departments of the entire Rajasthan like Meteorological Department, Narcotic Department, CBI, Custom, Ministry of Textiles, etc. are present.
Highlights of Jodhpur District in Rajasthan
Mehrangarh Fort is one of the most beautiful forts in Rajasthan, situated at the very top of the hill. The series of gates further enhance the beauty of this fort. One of these gates is Jaipol, built by King Mansingh in 1808 AD. The second gate is named – Vijaydwar, built by King Ajit Singh to commemorate the victory over the Mughals. Inside the fort, there are many important buildings for tourists to see. Such as Moti Mahal, Sukh Mahal, Phool Mahal, etc.
The five-kilometer long grand fort situated on a 125-meter high hill is one of the most impressive and formidable buildings. The fort has four gates connected by invisible, winding roads from outside. There are many grand palaces inside the fort, wonderfully carved doors, lattice windows, and inspiring names. Notable among these are Moti Mahal, Phool Mahal, Sheesh Mahal, Sileh Khana, Daulat Khana. These palaces contain an astounding collection of furnishings from the Indian dynasties. In addition, there is a stunning collection of palanquins, elephant caps, miniature paintings of various styles, musical instruments, costumes, and furniture.
Jaswant Thada which is completely made of marble. It was built by Maharaj Sardar Singh in 179 in memory of his father Raja Jaswant Singh (II) and his soldiers. Its artwork still attracts tourists towards it. It is a group of royal monuments built in 1889 AD in white marble in memory of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. Inside the main monument are paintings of various rulers of Jodhpur.
Umaid Bhawan Palace
This palace was built by Maharaja Umaid Singh in 1943. The view of this palace made of marble and sandstone attracts tourists especially. The palace museum also has preserved antiquity watches and paintings. This is the twentieth-century palace that was built under the flood relief project. Due to which the flood-affected people got employment. This palace was completed in sixteen years. This opulent edifice built of sandstone is now the abode of former rulers, in one part of which the hotel runs and the rest is a museum.
It is 5 km from Jodhpur. This beautiful lake was built in the year 1159 AD. The grand summer palace standing on the banks of the lake is surrounded by beautiful gardens. It is a delightful place to visit.
It is at a distance of 07 kilometers from the city. The ancient capital of Marwar has memorials to the rulers of Jodhpur. The hall of diamonds consists of fifteen figures carved into the rock-wall representing Hindu deities. With its high rock platforms, it has become a popular picnic spot due to its attractive gardens.
Kayalana Lake is a famous lake in Jodhpur. This beautiful lake is an ideal picnic spot. The lake is located at a distance of 11 km from the main city.
Osian is an ancient region of Jodhpur district and is presently expanded as a tehsil. It is situated in the desert on the other side of the Jodhpur to Bikaner highway. During the journey to this ancient region, the desert expanses and small villages taking in the waving terrain of the past. Osian has beautiful temples of beautifully carved Jain and Brahmin temples. The most extraordinary of these are the Sun Temple of the beginning and the later Kali Temple, the Sachchiyya Mata Temple, and the Lord Mahavir Temple are also located. It is a very ancient city in the past its name was Upkesh.
(40 km) – Now a heritage hotel, this fort is worth visiting.
(20 km) – The fort has now been converted into a heritage hotel. The fort and its surroundings are worth visiting.
This museum has an excellent collection of paintings, sculptures, and ancient weapons.
Arna Waterfall Maru Museum
Arana waterfall Maru Museum is a desert museum located near Moklavas village in Jodhpur.
Festivals and fairs in Jodhpur District of Rajasthan
All the festivals are celebrated with great pomp in Jodhpur, the Betamar fair and the Shitala Mata fair are very famous, people come from far and wide to see this fair. The Masuria fair of Ramdev Pir, the folk deity of Rajasthan, is also very famous.
Marwar Utsav, the famous cattle fair of Nagaur and the Ganguar fair of Pipar. These are some of the important festivals celebrated in Jodhpur with great pomp and show. The big Teej and Betamar fair of Sawan month is world famous here.
Gangaur worship is also of special importance in Jodhpur and at this festival, Gangaur tableaux are also taken out in the old city. Dhinga Gawar is an event to come after this, on this day, women go out in the night to make a variety of farce and kill men from the bank, in the city of Perkote is a unique festival of its kind.
Shopping around Jodhpur
Leather shoe, colored cloth, tie, polished household decorative items etc. can be purchased from Mochi Gali of Jodhpur. Mirchi Bad of JodhpurThey are also exported to outside countries.
Girdikot and Sardar Market
A colorful market with small shops, scattered in narrow streets, is in the heart of the city and is famous for its wide variety of handicrafts and is a favorite destination for buyers.
Street Food around the Jodhpur District in Rajasthan
Milk made foods are especially used here. Such as mawa ka laddu, creamy lassi, mawa kachori, milk firni, and much more.
The chili wada and onion kachori are very famous here. Often in the food, bread made of millet flour, called sogra, is eaten prominently here. Sogra is eaten with any sauce, greens, etc. Which is delicious to eat. Similarly buttermilk and onion are also eaten with it.
How to Reach Jodhpur District in Rajasthan
There is a good transport facility in the city. Where trains leave for almost all major cities.
Jodhpur has many railway junctions. The Jodhpur railway station is the divisional headquarters of the North Western Railway (NWR). It is a well railway to major Indian cities like Alwar, Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru, Thiruvananthapuram, Pune, Kota, Kanpur, Bareilly, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Indore, Bhopal, Dhanbad, Patna, Guwahati, Nagpur, Lucknow is associated with. The main Jodhpur station of Gwalior, Jaipur, etc. to reduce congestion, the suburban station Bhagat’s Kothi railway station has been developed as the second main station for passenger trains.
Suburban stations around Jodhpur
Raika Bagh Palace Junction
Bhagat’s Kothi Railway Station
Mahamandir Railway Station
Basni Railway Station
Jodhpur Cantt Railway Station
Mandore Railway Station
Banad Railway Station
Luni Railway Station
Jodhpur Airport is one of the major airports in Rajasthan. It is primarily a military airbase with a civilian enclosure to allow for civilian air traffic. Due to the political situation of Jodhpur, this airport is considered as one of the most important aircraft for the Indian Air Force.
Jodhpur is also considered to be prominent in road transport in the state. It is connected to Delhi, Ahmedabad, Surat, Ujjain, Agra, Mumbai, Pune, and Bangalore, etc. by deluxe and express bus service to neighboring states by road. Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation provides Volvo and Mercedes Benz bus service to Delhi. While Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Udaipur, and Jaisalmer have recently introduced Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) in the city with buses plying on low-floor and semi-low-floor major routes. Jodhpur is connected to the National Highway network with three National Highways and to the Rajasthan State Highway Network with ten State Highways.