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Most Famous Ancient Civilization in Rajasthan

Most Famous Ancient Civilization in Rajasthan

According to Wikipedia, Maharishi Valmiki called Rajasthan as Marukantaar in the Ramayana period.

Related Post: Rajasthan’s Ancient Civilization

Kalibangan Civilization in Rajasthan

Evedence of Ancient Civilization in Rajasthan
Photo by World Imaging, CC BY-SA 3.0

The Kalibangan civilization is older than 4000 BC. Prof Amlanand Ghosh rediscovered the Kalibangan site in 1952. This Rajasthan civilization was the first metropolis state in India.

  • The shreds of evidence are like fortification walls, mud-bricks, etc.
  • Pottery, a sign of the succeeding Harappans.
  • Outstanding discovery of plowed fields.

Bhinmal Civilization in Rajasthan

Bhinmal Ancient civilization of Rajasthan
Jain temple in Bhinmal, Galore, Rajasthan

Bhinmal civilization is founded in the Jalore District of Rajasthan. This ancient civilization had a trading relationship with unani civilization.

  • Chinese explorer Huen Shang visited Rajasthan and mentioned in his Rajasthan vacation.
  • Bhinmal Civilization was first founded by Ratna Chandra Agrawal in 1953-54 AD.

Gilund Civilization in Rajasthan

Ancient civilizations of Rajasthan
Civilizations in Rajasthan at Ancient period

Gilund civilization was founded in three faces divided as late, middle, & Early-Ahar-Banas.

  • Late Ahar Banas (2000 – 1700 BCE)
  • Middle Ahar Banas (2500 – 2000 BCE)
  • Early Ahar Banas (3000 – 2500 BCE)

Ganeshwar Civilization in Rajasthan

Ganeshwar civilization was first founded in 1977 by historian Ratan Lal Mishra. This Ganeshwar civilization is more than 4000 years old and the estimated time period was 2500 – 2000 BC.

  • Red Pottery with black portraiture, they founded approx thousand pieces of copper.
  • Its culture is related to the pre-Harappan period and the main sources of copper nearby the Aravalli range.

Ishwal Civilization

This Rajasthan civilization is founded in Udaipur city. There are 5 stages of the settlement are founded these are related to 500 BC.

Bairath Civilization

The pieces of evidence of bairath civilization were founded in Beejak Hill of Jaipur in Rajasthan. Daya Ram Sahani founds this civilization in 1937.

Balathal Civilization

This Archaeological site is located 6kn away from the Vallabhanagar town of Udaipur in Rajasthan. This Ancient civilization is related to the famous Ahar culture and founded by V.N. Mishra in 1993.

Bagore Civilization in Bhilwara Rajasthan

Bagore Civilization of Rajasthan
Photo by Abhishekjoshi,  CC-BY-SA-2.0

In 1967, V.N. Mishra first explores this archeological site in 3 stages of settlement. This ancient site is located near the Kothari river in Bhilwara district of Rajasthan. Few pieces of evidence for the domestication of sheep, cattle & Goats by the nomadic pastoralists of Bagor dating as early in 5000 – 3000 BC,

Rangmahal Civilization in Sri Ganganagar Rajasthan

This is an Early historical site explored by Swedish Archaeological during 1952-1954 in Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan. According to few sources, Rangmahal civilization first settled during the Kushana time Period and twirled up to the 6th-7th century in Rajasthan.

  • During excavations coins of Kanishka III civilization in Rajasthan. Early coin of Kanishka I with Huvishka & Vasudeva and a seal of Palaeographically eatable to 300 AD.
  • After reveled the 2nd structural phase, they found different size mud-bricks building with normal size 32X23X7 cm.

Ojhiyana  Civilization in Bhilwara, Rajasthan

  • This ancient civilization was first explored in 1999-2001 at the Bhilwara district of Rajasthan. Excavation revealed the truth of the 3rd millennium BC to 2nd millennium BC chalcolithic cultures.
  • It revealed remains evidence like white painted black and red wares, white painted terracotta bulls, cow figurines, copper choppers are founded, etc.

Nagari Civilization

  • Nagari civilization is formerly known as ‘Majhimika’ or ‘Madhyamika’. This Nagari civilization was the most important township in the Mauryan time period of Rajasthan.
  • Nagari Civilization comes to exist and vanished from Maurya to Gupta’s era in Rajasthan history.
  • Excavation here unraveled many interesting facts and present the strong signs of Hinduism and Buddhism religions.

Tilwara Civilization

  • Tilwara civilization is an Archeological site in Barmer district at the bank of the Luni river in Rajasthan.
  • Evidence for Mesolithic culture excavated and put them in the govt museum in Barmer, Rajasthan.

Sunari Civilization

  • Sunari is a small village in Khetri town in the Jhunjhunnu district of Rajasthan. It is near located near Kantli river in Rajasthan.
  • The interesting fact is houses are built with the oldest Iron ore melting furnaces. They use rice and horses are deemed to be of Aryan Vedic culture.


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